A child with cerebral palsy will have a group of neurological disorders that are caused due to injuries in the brain. Along with the condition that the child suffers from, it will also give rise to many secondary disorders like difficulty in seeing, hearing, talking, feeding, toileting, walking and many more. All these conditions have to be treated on time with the help of therapies and exercises that will develop the child's ability to perform his daily activities independently. There are many therapies that can be performed on the child like speech and language therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, drug therapy and sensory integration therapy.
Children with cerebral palsy can be easily affected with seizures which is a secondary disorder that is very common in this condition. For this reason, the child's doctor would prescribe drugs that will control seizures associated with cerebral palsy. There are many types of seizures and there is no one drug to cure them. Hence, for various types of seizures, different drugs will be prescribed such as Tegretol, Dilantin and Phenobarbital. Drug therapy can also reduce spasticity associated with cerebral palsy and drugs for this include Diazepam, Baclofen ad Dantrolene. Drug therapy cannot completely correct the complications associated with cerebral palsy but it will help manage these problems. However, consulting a physician to find out about the drug therapy is very necessary.
To help achieve optimal level of functioning, sensory integration therapy can be used. This therapy will help overcome problems experienced by children in absorbing and processing sensory information. When these abilities are improved, it in turn improves balance and steady movement. The therapy will include stimulating touch sensations and pressures on different parts of the child's body. The therapy will motivate children to learn sequences of movements with the help of Styrofoam, chips, water or textured toys.
Sometimes, because of the muscle problems that the children with cerebral palsy face, the doctor or therapist can recommend special equipment that will help them to do daily activities. Most of the times, a wheelchair is recommended when the child cannot walk. Children will be trained to use their arms to roll the wheels of their child themselves so that they can move around without difficulty. There are wheelchairs that have a motor which will move the wheels of the child too. In these, there will be a joystick that the child can operate. Some children with cerebral palsy will be able to walk but have poor balance. For these children, a walker can be given to go around instead of wheelchair. A walker will be made of light metal and is adjustable in height. It can also have a basket in which the child can put his belongings.
Because of the motor problems that are often associated with cerebral palsy, children will find problems in eating too. Sometimes they won't even be able to talk. To help with all this, special utensils that can provide grip and meet the special requirements of the child can be used while feeding and communication aid can be used help the child understand or talk. Regardless, it is important that certain amounts of training with cerebral palsy is taking place.