At present, the rate of individuals diagnosed with autism is 1 out of 160. Autism which is an intricate developmental disability usually becomes visible within the first three years since birth. This disorder affects brain development in such areas of communication and social interaction. Most cases exhibit delay in the developmental stage at the age of three which generally affects boys other than girls. Family members should be aware of symptoms such as difficulty with verbal or non-verbal communication, especially when the child cannot express himself, social interaction and play activities or activities integral to everyday living. This disorder makes it difficult for them to relate to the outside world and let them stick to their own world instead.
April 4, 2009 is World Autism Awareness Day. This day is focused on elevating awareness about autism in society while encouraging diagnosis of early stages and signs. The World Autism Awareness Day aims to gather autism organization worldwide providing a voice to those who are not diagnosed, seeking for assistance and are misunderstood. Medical tests for diagnosing Autism are not defined since symptoms and characteristics differ individually and individual development with regard to communication and behavior is commonly the basis for diagnosis. Autism Awareness helps the society to accept individuals and deal with the behavioral disorders. There are some disciplines associated with Autism disorders which include Neurology, Developmental Pediatrics, Autism Specialist, Psychology, Speech and Language Therapy. Each diagnosis and intervention expands the probability for the child to grow and progress.
Autism awareness can be essential for families dealing with the agony of seeing their children exhibiting the disorder through the symptoms they encounter everyday. Each individual with the Autism disorder shows unique characteristics that vary from time to time. Families should be aware of their patient's behavioral pattern and must learn to observe the disorder through symptoms like limited verbal or non verbal communication, short attention span and may communicate with gestures only. They may also indicate presence of overactive or passive traits, minimal interest in interacting with peers or strangers, shall sometimes experience sensory impairment, and avoids eye contact. In some cases, families may observe that their patients may lack spontaneous and imaginative play, lack interest in imitating other's actions nor initiate play, resistance to routine changes and show aggressiveness to themselves or to others. Autism is therefore, a spectrum disorder which should be closely monitored and observed among family members especially on their early childhood years.
Exclusively written by Mary Ann Villanueva Oppus (original copy on file)